6 October 2016

Grammar: Use of 的 (de) after adjectives

Use of 的 (de) with adjectives

What is the rule for use 的 particle after an adjective? Unfortunately, there is no rule, but there are some recommendations to follow. Remember that the 的 particle must be placed after adjective and before the modified noun.


的 with adjectives


Use 的 particle after two syllable adjective


肮脏衣服
Āng zāng de yīfú
Dirty clothes

便宜Piányí de shū
Cheap book


Don't use 的 particle after one syllable adjective


老猫
Lǎo māo
Old cat

甜芒果Tián mángguǒ
Sweet mango


Don't use 的 particle after two syllable adjectives compounded by nouns


我从来不吃辣菜
I never eat spicy food
Wǒ cónglái bu chī là cài

你的朋友好人
Nǐ de péngyǒu hǎorén
Your friends are nice people

Use 的 particle after mono-syllable adjectives with adverb that modify adjective


很老
Hěn lǎo de māo
Very old cat

最甜芒果
Zuì tián de mángguǒ
The sweetest mango