21 October 2015

Bopomofo ㄅㄆㄇㄈ and Pinyin 拼音

Chinese phonetic system

The old phonetic system used to study Mandarin Chinese is called Bopomofo (ㄅㄆㄇㄈ) or zhùyīn 注音. This is the prevalent method in Taiwan and Hong Kong. Taiwan still use the traditional writing method that differs in some cases from the simplified characters commonly used in mainland China.

Chinese phonetic system

The creation of the phonetic alphabet is attributed to intellectual Zhou Youguang in 1950. Four years later the Ministry of Education of China established the Committee for the Reform of the written Chinese language and incorporated Bopomofo into the new education system. They hoped that this new romanized system would help calligraphic eradicate illiteracy in China.

Instead of Chinese characters, which generally do not provide information about the pronunciation, use of Latin letters helps those unfamiliar with the Chinese writing to pronounce Chinese words and is also used to enter Chinese characters on QWERTY keyboards through specific programs on computers and smartphones.

In 1979, the ISO adopted the pinyin as the standard romanization system of Chinese. Although pinyin Hànyǔ has become the main system of transcription of the Chinese at the present time, there are many existing transcription systems availables to learn Chinese pronunciation.

The pinyin system has a complex system of diacritical marking of the Chinese tones. For proper writing students should not ignore any signs. There are also rules that determine if two or more words must be written together or separately.

Don't forget that not all sounds of pinyin sound as expected, for example letters B, Q, X, CH, these letters or combination of letters vary the common sound, so many foreigners prefer traditional Chinese phonetic used int Taiwan, Bopomofo, since it would avoid the confusion of consonants sound pronunciation