3 February 2015

Grammar: Simple Directional Complement

Simple Directional Complement

When verbs  and  are postponed to a verb indicating the direction of action, we are dealing with the simple directional complement.


Simple Directional Complement



(lái) The action takes place toward the speaker

(qù) The movement is in the opposite direction to the speaker

subject + action verb + simple directional complement (/)

上课了,快进吧!
(shàngkèle, kuài jìnqù ba!)
Class stars, get inside it!



If the verb has the object and the object is a place name or word indicating place, it must be placed between the verb and the simple directional complement:


subject + verb + object + simple directional complement  (/)

你进教室把!
(nǐ jìn jiàoshì lái bǎ!)
come to the classroom!

明天上午他要回国
(míngtiān shàngwǔ tā yào huíguó qù)
Tomorrow morning he would return to home



If the object does not indicate, it can be placed as follows:


subject + verb + (了) + object + simple directional complement (/)

subject + verb + simple directional complement (/) + (了) + object