18 June 2014

Word formation: places

How to create nouns for places

Compose the nouns for places is really easy: just use a noun + modifier noun, place this modifier noun as a termination that changes the meaning of the first noun. Remember that not all nouns related to places are conformed like this.


Chinese places



noun + (diàn)
for shops

shāngdiàn
shop 

shūdiàn
bookstore 

fàndiàn
restaurant

文具
wénjùdiàn
stationer shop

服装
fúzhuāngdiàn
clothing store

ròudiàn
butcher's shop 

bàodiàn
newspaper shop 

水果
shuǐguǒdiàn
fruit shop

yāndiàn
smoke shop 

香料
xiāngliàodiàn
perfume shop



noun + (guǎn)
for establishments, lodging, places where activities are performed...

图书
túshūguǎn
library 

照相
zhàoxiàngguǎn
photo gallery 

bīnguǎn
guesthouse




noun +  (lóu)
for buildings, floors...

办公
bàngōnglóu
office 

宿舍
sùshèlóu
dormitory 

百货大
bǎihuòdàlóu
department Store

教学
jiàoxuélóu
teaching building



noun + (jú)
for offices, bureau...

yóujú
post office 

电话
diànhuàjú
telephone office 

公安
gōng'ānjú
public security bureau



noun +  (chǎng)
for fields, places where activities are done...

jùchǎng
theater

qiúchǎng
court 

shìchǎng
market

超级市
chāojíshìchǎng
supermarket