23 January 2014

Grammar: likes and dislikes

To express actionsthings or how we like something, we should always follow the same grammatical structure: 




喜欢
xǐhuan
to like

Actions
subject + 喜欢 + verb + object 

喜欢电视
Wǒ xǐhuan kàn diànshì
I like to watch TV 

Objects 
subject + 喜欢 + noun

喜欢电视
Wǒ xǐhuan diànshì
I like TV 

How do we like
subject + 喜欢 + adjective

喜欢
Wǒ xǐhuan dà de
I like big 


These are the most common constructions in which we express with 喜欢 (xǐhuan) that we like it. In the first structure a verb indicates the action we like. With a noun we express that we like something, an object. The third construction uses an adjective +  to express how we like something.

喜欢 literally means 'to like', however, if we want to express something we do not like? We simply add the character  before 喜欢


Negation
subject + 喜欢 + verb/noun/adjective + object /-/的

喜欢电视
Wǒ bù xǐhuan kàn diànshì
I do not like to watch TV 

喜欢电视
Wǒ bù xǐhuan diànshì
I do not like TV 

喜欢
Wǒ bù xǐhuan dà de
I do not like big