18 December 2013

Grammar: Omission of structural particle 的

Previously we studied the use of structural particle 的 to indicate possession, but to not complicate the lesson we didn't mention when we can omit the use of this particle.

The omission is done (and it is very common to omit) when the noun being modified is a substantive with relationship to the subject (family, home...) or it references a collective, group, association, etc.



Examples:
()父亲
wǒ (de)fùqīn
My father

他们()家
tāmen (de)jiā
Their home

你们()
nǐmen (de) bān
Your classes

我们()公司
wǒmen (de) gōngsī
Our company