2 December 2013

Grammar: before and after

We can refer to a past or future actions in time using the words "before" or "after". 





verb +
hòu
after

今天早饭我要去上班
Jīntiān zǎofàn hòu wǒ yào qù shàngbān
After breakfast I must go to work

verb + 
qián 
before

去中国要学习一点儿汉语
Qù zhōngguó qián yào xuéxí yīdiǎner hànyǔ
Before going to China need to learn a little Chinese




We can also use these characters before a substantive rather than a verb. An easy example is to indicate a specific time.


substantive +
hòu
after

两个月
Liǎng gè yuè hòu
Two months later

substantive + 
qián 
before

六点
Liù diǎn qián
Before six