26 November 2013

Grammar verbs: verb + substantive

In Chinese there are verbs composed by a verb plus a substantive that together are a single unit. The substantive performs the object function, and may slightly or completely alter the meaning of the verb. Check out these examples.



verb + substantive = verb + object

chīfàn
(to eat + food)
to eat

chànggē
(to sing + song)
to sing a song

qǐchuáng
(to get up + bed)
to get up from the bed

sànbù
(to scatter + a walk)
to take a walk

shàngwǎng
(to get onto + net)
to be on the internet

shàngbān
(to get onto + work)
to start work

xǐzǎo
(to wash + a bath)
to take a shower

shuìjiào
(to sleep + a sleep)
to sleep

tánhuà
(to speak + a conversation)
to talk

zuòfàn
(to do + food)
to cook