28 October 2013

Positive-negative questions

In Chinese there is a particular way of asking questions in which the answer must be positive or negative, a simple yes or no. It makes use of the negative particle  (bù) and performs a repetition of the verb.



subject + verb +  + verb + object

你们是不是我的同学?
Nǐmen shì bùshì wǒ de tóngxué?
Are you my classmates?

明天你去不去?
Míngtiān nǐ qù bù qù?
Are you going tomorrow?


Pay attention to verbs composed of more than one character, because in the first iteration only the first character is used.

喜不喜欢吃中国菜?
Nǐ xǐ bù xǐhuan chī zhōngguó cài?
Do you like Chinese food?

As we learned in the use of creating negative sentences, when we use the verb  (yǒu) must use (méi) instead of (bù).

有没有中文书?
Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu zhòng wén shū?
Do you have Chinese book?