5 October 2013

Chinese demonstrative pronouns

To express the distance between people and objects we need to know the main demonstrative pronouns



To express that the object or person are near the speaker, the  (zhè) pronoun is used. 


zhè
this

是什么?
Zhè shì shénme?
What is it?

是我的书
Zhè shì wǒ de shū
This is my book


When combined with two different particles can express other nearby demonstrative pronoun.

这里 = 这儿
zhèlǐ - zhèr
here

我每天在这里工作
Wǒ měitiān zài zhèlǐ gōngzuò
I work here every day


To express that the object or person is far away from speaker the  (nà) pronoun is used.

that

是谁?
Nà shì shuí?
Who is that?

是我的朋友
Nà shì wǒ de péngyǒu
That is my friend

As before it can be combine with two different particles.


那里 = 那儿
nàli - nàr
there

我不能去那里
Wǒ bùnéng qù nàlǐ
I can not go there